Speaker: Periklis Papakonstantinou
Institute for Theoretical Computer Science
Title: On the structure of optimal greedy computation (for Job Scheduling)
Abstract: We consider Priority Algorithm (Borodin, Nielsen, Rackoff; 2003) as a syntactic model for formulating the concept of greedy algorithm for Job Scheduling, and we study the computation of optimal priority algorithms. A Job Scheduling subproblem S is determined by a (possibly infinite) set of jobs, every finite subset of which potentially forms an input to a scheduling algorithm. An algorithm is optimal for S, if it gains optimal profit on every input. To the best of our knowledge there is no previous work about such arbitrary subproblems of Job Scheduling. For a finite S, it is coNP-hard to decide whether S admits an optimal priority algorithm (Papakonstantinou, Rackoff; 2010). This indicates that meaningful characterizations of subproblems admitting optimal priority algorithms may not be possible. In this paper we consider those S that do admit optimal priority algorithms, and we show that the way in which all such algorithms compute has non-trivial and interesting structural features.